Platelet count is low or high What should you do? The causes, symptoms and treatment

The condition is known as thrombocytopenia. It’s a condition that is characterized by the presence of low levels of platelets present in blood. This condition can lead to continual bleeding and bruising even when there is no obvious injury. What are the signs to be concerned about low platelets?

Platelets , also known as thrombocytes, are tiny blood cells that are derived from the disintegration in blood cell (megakaryocytes) created within the spinal cord through differentiated stem cells.

The principal function of discoidal-shaped enucleated cells and with diameters that ranges between two and three millimeters is to control the blood coagulation process.


What is the typical platelet count? If the normal amount of platelets ranges from 150,000 to 300,000 units for every millionth liter , the cells will agglomerate within the area of bleeding, forming an obstructing plug. blocks the lesion, and release substances which facilitate the process of coagulation.

How can you tell if plateletopenia is a condition? It is a change in the vital organ.

For plateletopenia however, the values of reference are below 150,000 units per millionth liter , and the system is unable to keep bleeding and bruises.

Based on what’s been stated to date that when platelets drop we can differentiate between different levels of thrombocytopenia: moderate anemia (between 100,000-150,000) moderate thrombocytopenia (between 100,000 and 50,000) serious the thrombocytopenia (between 10,000 and between 10,000 and) as well as urgent transfusion the thrombocytopenia (below the threshold of 10,000).

Thrombocytopenia: Causes

What’s the cause of low platelets? Platelets that are low can conceal a myriad of causes but it is still possible to identify their causes based on the type of thrombocytopenia they exhibit.

Poor platelets due to a lack of megakaryocyte production

The insufficient production of blood cells generated by the spinal cord could be related to plateletopenia and leukocytosis or anemia.

Bone Marrow tumors

Infiltration of the Marrow by tumors (lymphomas or cancers)

Aplasia in the Marrow (impaired stem cells , marrow that is unable to make blood cells)

Poor platelets caused by platelet-rich phletopoiesis

There is a possibility that the bone marrow is producing the proper quantity of megakaryocytes. However, the cells do not create enough platelets.

Vitamin B12 and deficiency in folic acid (impaired DNA synthesis in high-proliferating tissues)

Hereditary thrombocytopenia (congenital genetic mutations)

Low platelets due to platelet destruction

Megakaryocyte count, shorter platelet lives, and an increase in thrombocyte count can lead to the destruction of platelets:

Autoimmune thrombocytopenic Purpura (autoimmune disease that damages platelets)

Bernard-Soulier syndrome (genetic disorder of the von Willebrand factor receptor in platelets, which allows them to stick to the membrane in damaged vessels)

Platelets are low due to the overuse of platelets

In this instance the system utilizes excessive amounts of platelets and they actually maintain the average lifespan of less than 10 days:

The thrombocytopenic purpura is a form of thrombos (clot development inside blood vessels)

Invasive coagulation disseminated (emergence of a significant number of thrombi within the vessels)

Hemolytic Uremia Syndrome (symptoms of kidneys and blood due to bacterial infection or chemotherapy treatment)

The low platelets are caused by sequestration of thrombocytes

Megakaryocytes are normal, as are the turnover and half-life of platelets However, thrombocytes remain sequestered in the bloodstream

Splenomegaly (enlarged spleen)

Plateletopenia in children

This condition may be a problem for children, particularly in the most common form , autoimmune plateletopenia.


In this instance however the thrombocytopenia does seem to favor one particular sex particularly and is likely to disappear within six months in the majority of cases.

Autoimmune thrombocytopenia may be treated however it could develop into chronic thrombocytopenia in the event that it is unresponsive to treatment.

In the case of chronic type there is a great possibility of regaining the condition within a couple of years after the diagnosis.

The causes of autoimmune thrombocytopenia remain a mystery and the body is able to eliminate platelets.


One of the most frequently reported signs are the petechiae common of bleeding, hematomas, and plateletopenia episodes.

Thrombocytopenia: Symptoms

The body with plateletopenia will not always show low levels of platelets, particularly when it’s a mild or moderate type. What are the signs that indicate low levels of platelets?

The Purpura (variable pigments of vermillion that are scattered all over the skin)



Bleeding (localized in different parts of the body)

Joint bleeding

The diagnosis of thrombocytopenia, and when to be concerned

Patients suffering from bleeding irregularly or bruising ought to undergo taking a blood sample and blood count test in order to determine how many platelets are present.

The lack of symptoms renders it impossible to determine the exact cause of plateletopenia other than tests of blood for other causes.

A fever-like condition (infection in progression) or an increase in the size of the spleen or a decrease in kidney function, for instance, could prompt the need to examine more thoroughly using complete tests of blood as well as bone marrow biopsy and ultrasound scans of the spleen. Only this way can the root of the problem with the low platelets and associated symptoms be identified.

Thrombocytopenia: Cures and Treatments

What can you do to combat platelet deficiency? The treatment depends on the root cause which triggered the deficiency in platelets however, being aware that this condition could be caused by a vast number of conditions is difficult to determine all treatments that are possible.

In this instance, it’s necessary to seek out specialists to seek a medication that is based on cortisone as well as immunosuppressants, and to fix the problem.

If however, it’s not possible to completely eliminate the cause of the low platelets, we restrict our efforts to keeping the situation under control and limiting signs.

How can you increase the amount of platelets in your blood?

Nutrition, as we have mentioned previously plays a crucial role in stimulating platelet production.

Treatment for low platelets is an issue of nutrition (eating nutritious and diverse foods and reducing alcohol and excitants) and a regular practice of small , good habits.

Coconut water

Coconut water, because of its mineral pool (potassium, magnesium, calcium, and iron) Vitamin A B vitamins, Vitamin C. It is a great solution for low platelets.

All you have to do is grab one of the coconuts and squeeze out the water. Maybe cool it for a couple of hours in the refrigerator before drinking it.

In this way, it’s better to stay clear of a bottle or packaged product, because it is bound to contain additives and preservatives with the aim of making it last longer.

Guava juice and red bell pepper

Guava is an Spanish fruit with high amounts of vitamin A, vitamin C, and folic acid and red bell pepper along with hot pepper, contain large amounts of vitamin C and potassium, as well as iron, folic acid and other nutrients that are destined to enhance the quality of platelets.

Just cut the guava into small pieces Remove all the seeds out of the bell pepper. Then cut the vegetables into pieces. You can also blend the ingredients after adding 1 tablespoon of sugar, as well as 3 cups of water.

The beneficial juice must be consumed at least 3 times a day for a while to begin noticing the first signs of improvement and feeling more refreshed.

Juice of blackberries, lentils and milk

The juice of blackberries, lentils and milk are an extremely beneficial in increasing the levels of platelets Iron as well as folic acid, vitamins and iron from lentils, iron, vitamin C, and vitamin K found in blackberries Calcium and phosphorus are also provided through milk.

It’s enough to boil water in a pot adding 200 grams of lentils, and allow them to cook until they soften.

In the next moment, it is required to place the lentils that have been cooked along with a few blackberries, 45 ml milk and 750ml of water into blenders and then use the blender to create a drink that can drink three times per day, and possibly sweetened with sugar or honey.

Decoction made with papaya leaves

Papaya leaves purchased in herbal stores are sold as adjuvants to boost the immune system as well as the quantity of platelets present.

All you need to do is place the papaya leaves into an oven filled with boiling water, and simmer on an even temperature until the liquid is diminished Add sugar or honey according to your preference, let it sit and drink several tablespoons per day.

Alternately, it is feasible to grind fresh papaya leaf using mortar then mix the paste in water and strain it and drink similar manner.


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