Osteoporosis Bone Disease: Causes, Symptoms and Cure. The importance of nutrition for bone health, and all tests to diagnose.
Osteoporosis: Causes, Symptoms and Cure. Everything you should learn about the most widespread bone disease around the globe. Age isn’t the factor in this condition, instead, it is a result of the diet, lifestyle and daily routine. Being aware can help prevent it. Here are some useful facts about Osteoporosis which is the bone disease.
What is Osteoporosis: Bone Disease
Osteoporosis, a bone disorder, is that is characterized by a decrease in bone density. This increases the chance of fractures in bones. It is believed that in Italy around 5 million people suffer from this disease, and the majority of whom are female. The figures worldwide are alarming: It is believed that a femur wrist or vertebra fracture is reported in every three seconds.
Bone demineralization is what happens to people suffering from osteoporosis. The cause is identified in risk factors, such as:
Very little physical activity
Insufficient exposure to sunlight (lack in vitamin D)
A diet that is too repetitive and industrialized (not at all natural)
The absence of nutrients, like the lipids (fats) essential for the production of fat-soluble vitamins, such as D, E, K A and E: essential to the health of the skeletal system.
The causes of osteoporosis are different for each person. Some are more susceptible to develop it than others. For instance, in women the mineral content in bones declines quicker from 35 and upwards, especially after menopause.
However, the reduction in bone density is a result of increasing age, but the development of juvenile osteoporosis is possible when bone demineralization happens faster than is normal.
The risk factors for people who are the most susceptible for developing this disease include:
Inflammatory diseases, like Rheumatoid arthritis
glandular diseases, including hyperthyroidism
Family members who suffer from osteoporosis;
long-term usage of steroid medication to treat asthma or arthritis;
malabsorption, like celiac disease, celiac
Smoking and drinking excessively (especially smoking and drinking heavily (especially for males)
Removal of the ovaries (women)
Incompleteness of cycle longer than 6 months (women)
anorexia and bulimia
Very little exercise
body mass index of 19 or less
treatment of prostate or breast cancer
lengthy periods of inactivity
Hormone-related disorders that may cause the disease are:
- conditions of the adrenal glands
- reductions in the sex hormones
- pituitary gland issues;
Osteoporosis Examination: Diagnosis
The most pertinent Osteoporosis test is the MOC which is Computerized Bone Mineralometry, but specialists utilize the X-ray examination to conduct an morphological exam of the spine. In this means they can determine whether there’s the presence of fractures, or vertebral sliding. The X-ray exam is utilized to determine the degree of osteoporosis.
The MOC is the standard exam to diagnose osteoporosis as it evaluates bone density. It is also known as DXA also known as DEXA (Dual Energy X Ray Absorbtiometry) examination. These two abbreviations indicate the method used to conduct the examination. conducted.
Initial signs that may suggest an osteoporosis, or bone fragility include:
- Back discomfort
- Staggering and shortening of height
- A tooth is lost
- Curved posture
- Broken bones
When all of these aspects occur, we’re in presence of Osteoporosis the condition of bones. It is important to be especially cautious as bone fractures due to osteoporosis can be specific and constitute a typical symptoms of patients suffering from this condition.
Fractures of the vertebral column; these are the most frequent and don’t cause pain but they do show up quickly, often getting more severe when standing or walking. When multiple vertebrae break, the pain in muscles can lead to deformity and stretching.
A hip fracture, which is common following the fall, it can result in the loss of independence and disability for those who are elderly.
A fracture in the wrist is result of overtraining, common among postmenopausal females.
The cure isn’t available for the bone condition However, it is preventable and treated using targeted therapy that can reduce the loss (or reduces the loss) of the bone’s mass.
The treatment for this bone disease is dependent on the individual case, therefore it’s up to the doctor to decide on the best option for the patient’s requirements. Osteoporosis treatment depends on;
- Intensity of the disease
- Risk factors that are present
- Medical history of the patient
If the illness isn’t severe, for instance the doctor might prescribe vitamin D and calcium supplements. This is a different treatment than those who need immediate treatment with drugs due to the fact that the progression to the illness is much more intense. Vitamin D and calcium supplements but when combined with other drugs, can boost the effectiveness. The treatment should always be paired with a healthy, balanced lifestyle that is geared towards the health of your bones.
The medications for Osteoporosis are used as a treatment and can be classified into three types, and the doctor will know which to decide which one to pick depending on the needs of each patient’s case;
Anti-resorptive drugs; these medications help to reduce bone resorption and preserve bone density. They do this by reducing or stopping the loss of bone.
Anabolic agents, they help in the creation of new bone.
Dual-mechanism drugs; they weakly block bone resorption, and also weakly stimulate the formation of new bone Mixture of two previous kinds of medications.
Osteoporosis treatment should be accompanied by a proper diet. Nutrition is just one element of a normal life that all sufferers must live for a successful fight against osteoporosis. A diet that is high in dairy products, regular exercise as well as a healthy weight, avoid drinking and smoking cigarettes are the primary suggestions.