A brief guide to comprehend the signs, symptoms, diagnosis, and the best treatment to treat this intolerance which has become common in recent years.

Intolerant to lactose means that the body is not able to process the sugar “lactose” due to the absence of digestion enzyme “lactase”. This insufficiency is prevalent in the world’s population but how do we recognize it and controlled?

What is it?

It is very prevalent throughout Italy (according to information provided by EFSA in 2010, around 50 percent of people be affected) and is typically hereditary. When infants are born, lactase levels are high, which allows the body to digest milk easily. But, their levels fall drastically after weaning. This means that later in life and into adulthood the body is not capable of digesting large amounts of lactose. This means that the majority of healthy adults are not able to take in large quantities of lactose. They are typically “lactose intolerance”.

The signs

The symptoms of lactose intolerance can be intensified by eating foods high in lactose, like milk, while moderate amounts of cheese aged and yogurt are generally tolerated. The most frequently reported symptoms include: asthenia; cramps, colic, pain as well as abdominal swelling, diarrhea; nausea and flatulence.


In order to establish an accurate diagnosis, it’s essential to determine if symptoms manifest after drinking of milk products and then verify the intolerance with particular medical test (in this instance it is the Breath Testing). It is possible to, for instance to try a dairy-free diets for 3-4 weeks. If symptoms go away, but then return after reintroduction of these foods the intolerance could be very likely. However, the diagnosis should confirm by an medical professional.

How do you manage it?

The treatment to combat lactose intolerance involves first and foremost the omission from the diet of dairy products that contain lactose mostly goat’s milk, cow’s dairy fresh dairy products cream, ice cream and a variety of cakes and cookies with milk. Also, it is important to watch the consumption of cooked sausages and hams that contain lactose as an ingredient to ensure the proper tenderness of the meat. Additionally, other food items like precooked food items as well as certain types of bread and a variety of medicines may contain lactose. Yogurt however is usually tolerated since it naturally contains lactase created by Lactobacilli. It is also essential to supplement your calcium intake to avoid calcium deficiency. Another solution that works is provided by the lactase enzyme supplement: they are readily available without prescription, and can be consumed when drinking or eating products that contain lactose so that they can be digested.


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