Angioma is a term that we often hear about however we are not completely clear on the nature of it and what we can do to treat it. Let’s learn all there is to know about it!
What is an Angioma? This benign condition is owing to the irregular growth of blood vessels. It typically manifests as small areas of red (skin angioma).
The medical term “benign neoplasm of mesodermal origin” is not a cause for worry because the typical birthmarks seen that appear in babies (infantile angiomas) and red nevi (ruby angiomas) which also show up in adulthood aren’t infected or hazardous.
Usually, birthmarks disappear with the growth of time, but red nevi can remain as they are or become more apparent. There is nothing to worry about.
The only problem could be related in the sense that it is a condition that is not limited to the skin.
What is the risk of an angioma? The irregular expansion of blood vessels may also affect organs, starting from in the cerebral area (cerebral angioma) to the liver (hepatic angioma) to the vertebrae (vertebral angioma).
It could also affect the eyelids and other parts of the eye that can affect your ability to perceive (eye angioma) or even the mucous membranes in the nose or throat causing breathing issues.
In all cases it is crucial in order to ensure that the cancer though mild, at bay since it can grow to be more severe.
Even now, despite the advancements in medicine, there’s no way to know the exact cause which determine the angioma.
Certain studies have been able determine a link between specific types of angiomas as well as certain ailments or conditions. For example, pregnancy as well as liver cirrhosis can trigger angiomas stellate.
Some of the causes that may trigger or trigger the development of angiomas include exposure to chemicals, repeated microtraumas, as well as alcoholic liver disease.
It is simple to refer to “cutaneous angiomas” without knowing what kind of neoformation in play and the future course of its development.
The first thing to be aware of is that there exist different kinds of neoformations that can impact the skin.
Star angioma or spider angioma is identified with a red dot, surrounded by an erythema which forms an appearance similar to a spider web or star. It is most commonly seen in infants and children who are very young.
“Cherry” angioma – Also called ruby or senile angioma it is a problem for people who are who are over 18 years old. It’s small and smooth. It is also red.
Hemoangiomas in infants – These can be considered birthmarks (raised red-burgundy spots) that are present from birth or at some point later, but tend to fade spontaneously.
Hutchinson’s Serpiginous Angioma – This is a neoformation which affects children in the early years. It first appears as a small , raised area but then it grows larger becoming the shape of a serpiginous.
Angiomas of all kinds are classified based on their appearance in the structure, that is, the way they appear.
Angioma that is flat is affixed to the neck and face in a variety of ways and has a smooth, flat surface, and appears dark in hue. It doesn’t disappear. it could expand and change appearance.
Tuberous angioma has an angular appearance, it appears in the beginning and is characterized by an almost blue-purplish coloration. It can disappear on its own.
Cavernous angioma is a type of subcutaneous tissue and is the color of blue. As time passes, it begins to alter the appearance of the region in which it expands, and then become covered by visible capillaries.
Other types of classifications
Angioma can be classified based on the progress made over time and, consequently, its appearance.
Venous angiomas The blood vessels are dilapidated and are arranged in a group and they do not disappear in a single moment.
Neoformations in the arteriovenous veins extend to the soft tissues and must be treated surgically.
Immature capillary angiomas – An imma capillary angioma develops shortly upon birth. However, it is more likely to fade as it gets bigger.
Mature capillary angiomas angiomas affect capillaries and can be permanent. Only surgical intervention can eliminate them.
Mixed angiomas are characterized by arteries, veins and lymphatic vessels. This makes the process more complicated.
Internal angiomas may be described as a condition that can also affect organs, and, if not symptomatic and not being discovered, it is possible to miss the diagnosis.
Hepatic angioma: What are angiomas of the liver? The non-cancerous neoformation can affect the liver but is rarely felt (except instances when it causes pressure to the organ tissue). The issue is that it could break and cause an effusion of blood.
Cerebral Angioma – This may be a Hemangioblastoma (development of epithelial cells within blood vessels within the brainstem or cerebellum that cause problems with automated actions) or a hemopericytoma (abnormal formation of blood vessels, which flow into meninges, which can then bleed or grow into malignant tumors).
Cavernoma – It is an cerebrospinal angioma that is defined through the development of conglomerates from vessels that are not able to carry large volumes of blood.
Angioma of the newborn
The most common appearance is at the time of birth or later between the neck and head and chest region or on a leg.
The patient can differentiate RICH-congenital hemangioma that is rapidly becoming involuting (appears within one year after birth) and NICH-congenital hemangioma that is not involved (does do not go away) and PICH-congenital-hemangioma that is changing (disappears but only in a small amount).
The neoformation of the infant can expand its length and grow in the shade of red until it acquires the appearance of a birthmark.
It’s referred to as “strawberry birthmark” and is just an angioma of congenital origin with flat, smooth surface and intense color. The angioma can be seen on the face, head and neck , and may grow bigger as time passes.
Deep infantile angioma isn’t often seen and usually be noticed within a few months of life . It appears as an almost blueish subcutaneous swelling.
There’s also mixed infantile angioma that is also known as a “strawberry birthmark” related to an undercutaneous swelling.
Most of the time angioma is not associated with any specific signs or symptoms apart from the aesthetics sphere.
It is possible to experience a mild headache or experience seizures when the angioma is affecting your brain or head.
You could be discussing bleeding angiomas if the area has been scratched or injured , or should rupture in the internal.
The recognition of a cutaneous angiomatoma goes through the examination of images taken by a dermatologist who finds it, categorizes it, and refers it to potential treatment.
Much more complicated is the situation of an angioma in the internal organs, partially because it isn’t evident by the naked eye, and in part because it’s symptomatic.
The angioma’s internal location is usually detected by the tests that are recommended to other medical reasons (eg ultrasound, X-rays, MRI, CT scan and many others).
After having identified the neoformation then the MRI lets you know the nature and stage of the neoformation and the echocolordoppler keeps track on the extent.
If the doctor suspects that there is the presence of a tumor that is not of this type, the doctor may suggest an examination of the tumor.
It is not possible to discuss an effective treatment in cases of angioma because it isn’t something that could be dangerous. But what happens when an angioma breaks or the area becomes delicate regions?
In general, the expert examines the situation and suggests the most effective method to prevent problems.
Laser therapy – Dye laser is focused on the red part of the machine to depigment the area.
Cryotherapy is a technique that makes use of freezing to cause frostbite burns , resulting with the development of blisters. After healing there is no trace left.
Radiation therapy – Radiation therapy can be applied to angiomas in organ-threatening, critical areas (e.g. the vertebral angioma).
Embolization: The angioma gets blocked by the embolus. The blockage blocks the flow of blood in the main vessel or in the extremities of the legs. Answers questions on what to do if you’ve got an angioma in the vertebral vertebra.
Surgery – Surgery is quite invasive option as it takes out the affected tissue.